عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the rules that has been spoken and used in various jurisprudential jurisprudence such as the testimony, trust, is the rule of discipline which appeared in the phrase "Trustee should only swear" has found. Despite the fame of this rule and its wide application in jurisprudence and law, there are many disputes about it. The disagreement that arises from the ambiguity in the liability between permission, trust and responsibility sometimes extends to the point where its regularity is compromised. Some have considered the iodine as an exception to the rule of iodine, not an independent jurisprudential rule. The rule or its exception to the jurisprudential rule is not a theoretical discussion but has many practical implications. In this study, we sought to answer the question, what is the relationship between permission, Estimân and A lal-yad's liability. A descriptive-analytical study reveals that adherence is an independent jurisprudential rule with its specific rulings and effects.