عنوان مقاله [English]
In the first centuries, the way in in discretion or Ejtehad was open in Islam, but gradually it was limited within the four main denominations. Some scholars like Ibn Taymiyyah objected to these limitations and said the path of dissertation must be open forever. In the twelfth century, Salafi movements, following Ibn Taymiyyah path claimed free dissertation in Islam. Nowadays, the Wahhabism, Muslim Brotherhood group and Jihadi Salafi believe in free Ejtehad, however, there are so many differences in nuances between them. The majority of Wahhabi scholars do not claim absolute discretion and consider themselves as Ahmad Ibn Hanbal followers. They suggest Tamazhob theory. Naser-Al–Din Albani criticized this theory and maintain that we must take the path of absolute discretion. Famous figures in Muslim Brotherhood group like Sayyed Sabegh and Yusuf al-Qaradawi claimed absolute Ejtehad but maintain that we can follow from other denominations as well. Salafi Jihadi scholars consider themselves absolute Mujtahid and so declare that others are pagans and non-believers. In this article, we will have an in-depth look at Ejtehad from the viewpoint of Salafi scholars and its consequences.