عنوان مقاله [English]
In the legal system of Islam, based on evidence, such as verses, traditions, and various legal rules, a judgment has been given to compensate for spiritual damage. In Iranian law, along with the advancement of society and the emergence of new ideas, the legislator has provided grounds for accepting spiritual losses. However, in the subject of air accidents and losses, we are faced with a distinction based on the Warsaw Convention and practical procedures for dealing with these types of cases. In this research, while explaining the legal principles of the legitimacy of the compensation of the spiritual loss, we conclude that the distinction between the moral losses that are rooted in physical damage and the mere spiritual damage, along with material losses, problems in dealing with air accident cases Which we will review.