عنوان مقاله [English]
Ibadiyya has been accused of inciting war and violence because of its affiliation to the Kharijites, so it has tried to avoid the accusation. Among the Ibadiyya scholars, there are two theories about the basis of the relationship with non-Muslims, one establishes the war as the basis of the relationship originally and the other establishes the peace and friendship as the basis of the relationship and considers the war permissible only for defense. Ibadiyya initially accepted the first view, but with its reconstruction, it turned to the second theory. The second view is accepted by contemporary theologians, who say that Islam is the religion of peace. The early Ibadiyya had a sharp, extremist and monopolistic view of Muslims who opposed their religion, especially Shi’ites, but what is important is that contemporary Ibadiyya scholars disregard this view and consider non- Ibadiyya Muslims as Muslims, respecting their blood and property and their land is called the land of monotheism. Using a descriptive-analytical approach and a library method, this article discusses the changing of Ibadiyya's view from the first principle of war to the first principle of peace in Ibadiyya's approach to non-Muslims and anti-Muslims, especially Shi’ites.