عنوان مقاله [English]
This article is explaining on the one hand the principle of "Companionship of Hearts" (Ta’lif Qulub) by which unbelievers or the weak belief Muslims are kindly treated in order to be recruited in holy war (Jihad) or to be attracted in Islam and Muslims, or to create unity among Muslims and to preserve Islamic government. Studying this rule, on the other hand, in the time of absence of imam and mentioning of the arguments of the jurisprudents in this matter, it concludes that this rule is executable both considering the possibility of happing of the holy war (Jihad) and in spite of the expansion of Islam and also given the lack of formation of Islamic government. Therefore, this article has argued the scope of exercising this principle in different cases of Islamic jurisprudence and has mentioned several examples of the jurisprudents, citation to its content. The principle under discussion is applied in many important jurisprudential cases including tithe (Zakat), devotion, toleration dissimulate, and safety contract. This study uses descriptive-analytical method of research.
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