عنوان مقاله [English]
What is being discussed and investigated in this article is the principle of correctness of unilateral acts. The principle of correctness is one of the norms that applies to most branches of jurisprudence (Fiqh) including transactions and acts of worship. The majority of Islamic Jurists (Fuqaha) are of the belief that the bases for the validity of the principle of correctness, like “fulfill obligations” and “trade by mutual good-will”, include unilateral acts as well. In contrast, some Islamic Jurists have raised objections to the enforcement of the principle of correctness in unilateral acts. After reviewing and criticizing these objections, we will conclude that the principle of correctness is also applicable to unilateral acts. Therefore, we should come to the view that Article 223 of civil law which stipulates that “ Any transaction made is predicated on correctness...” also includes unilateral acts. Accordingly, after the attainment of the conventional title of unilateral act and doubting its conditions on the basis of the principle of correctness, we can affirm the correctness of that unilateral act.