عنوان مقاله [English]
One of the important matters that the jurisprudents have raised under the issues related to the trust contracts is the validity or invalidity of stipulation of guarantee in such contracts. To put it another way, can the owner of the property secure the contractor by making a stipulation, even in the case of non-aggression or negligence? Some of the jurisprudents believe that, given the contradiction of this condition to the book, the Sunna, and the requirement of the contract, as well as the contradiction of this stipulation to the consensus on its invalidity, such a stipulation is void and it can invalidate the contract. In contrast, another group of jurisprudents believes that the arguments of the opponents are insufficient to prove the invalidity of the stipulation and considering the generalities and specifications of the arguments for the obligation to comply with the terms and conditions, this stipulation is correct and it is obligatory to commit to it. The present article, using a descriptive-analytical method of research, aims to investigate the matter and to prove the hypothesis that the condition of the guarantee in trust contracts is correct except in the case where the title of beneficent (mohsen) is applied to a person.