عنوان مقاله [English]
Two sects of Islam have ratified the authority of prohibiting traditions for exegesis by personal opinion; however, they fall into two gropes when considering the purport of the tradition. The former rules out any kinds of attempts to deduce the real purpose of God from the literal meaning of the Koran verses. The prevailing latter group doesn’t justify prohibiting exegesis in general by the virtue of the above - mentioned traditions. They are in the belief that these traditions reoresent prohibition of exegesis devoid of enough knowledge imposed by merely personal deduction.
Contrary to the general assumption of the matter, the dispute is not just over the words here because to divide these traditions into two groups of allowing the individual - based deduction and non - allowing one couldn’t be acceptable.
Almost all of the Koranic researchers in both sects believe that after a deliberate inspection of the literal meaning of verses as well as taking other evidences, in the texrt or out of the text, into consideration, one gains a result which represents exegesis, and not a proof of personal deduction.
Having many unanimous opinions about two types of exegesis and their respective narrations, two sects of Islam cannot charge each other with creating commentaries based on personal deduction.