عنوان مقاله [English]
Judgment in particular meaning is the main job of judges as experts in field of judicial law. Being a crucial necessity, it has been taken into profound considerations by many scholars. Turning to judgment in general meaning as a means of arbitration among people, we can see that there have been much less attention toward it; still, it is not less important than the former and about which no independent work has been performed up to now. Koran as the main guide of humanbeings pays heed to this issue too.
In this essay, first of all, the concerning verses has been surveyed. Next, a contrasting has been made as regards commentators’ opinions on the different aspects of the matter; accordingly, definition of judgment in general meaning as well as some other related subjects has been offered, some of which are as follows: recognizing factors of a right judgment, knowing how to approach a just judgment, distinguishing the plagues of justice, encouragements and discouragements regarding the results of just or unjust judgments.