عنوان مقاله [English]
the barriers to civil liability are divided into two categories . the factors that are due to the responsibility and the civil liability elements (detriment, tortuous act , and the causation ) are not over and has been harmed by one of the pillars of it . there are other factors that , despite the existence of all the civil liability elements, civil liability is removed from them due to legal and ecclesiastical reasons . in relation to between first - class factors , with reasons obligatio to Departure specialized , and in the second category to Departure Specialization, we find that there are works based on this separation . the relationship between two categories with the evidence of bail : rule of liability of usurper and rule of destruction and rule of prohibition of detriment, Relationship is Specification and Specialization. although there was no specific confirmation in some of the factors of civil liability , it can be concluded from the words of Jurisprudents and imam khomeini .